如果医学是一种团队游戏,那么患者也应该参与其中:从心理角度看待患者参与

Posted Posted in Patient engagement

由意大利圣心天主教大学的G·格拉菲尼亚(G. Graffigna)撰稿 在整个护理过程中,医疗保健专业人员必须努力加强合作和协调,以保证医疗保健系统有效运行。换句话说,医学需要团队合作才能成功。如果我们同意这一原则,那么——用一个体育比喻——病人也应该被视为团队中的一员! 患者参与的概念认识到了这一点,它是提高医疗保健有效性和可持续性的重要因素。

如何支持患者减肥并更好地管理他们的2型糖尿病

Posted Posted in Communication, Incentives, Motivational interviewing, Social Support

由英国提赛德大学的利亚·艾弗里(Leah Avery)撰稿 2型糖尿病以前被认为是处于一种渐进性的情况,不可避免地需要胰岛素治疗,然而生活方式的行为改变研究挑战了对这种疾病悲观性的预测。随着2型糖尿病患病率的不断增加,用来支持食物的重要作用和通过改变我们的饮食方法以成功控制病情的证据也在不断增加。 饮食方法大致可分为两种。那些专注于我们的饮食(例如碳水化合物)以通过缓慢而稳定的减肥来优化新陈代谢和血糖控制的人。其他着重于摄入量,例如低热量饮食包含了用于明显的快速减重的能量限制。

Teaching practitioners Healthy Conversation Skills 

Posted Posted in Communication, Goal setting

By Wendy Lawrence, University of Southampton The main causes of death and disease in society today are influenced by our lifestyle choices, and there is a growing focus on ways to improve health behaviours. Front-line practitioners, particularly those working in health, social and community care roles, are a key resource for supporting behavioural change. Routine […]

To eat or not to eat, that is the question: How can health psychology practitioners help people manage food safety?

Posted Posted in Automaticity, Habit, Self-efficacy

By Barbara Mullan, Curtin University, Australia Extent of the problem Every year, one in 10 people worldwide (approximately 600 million people) become ill after eating contaminated food, and as many as 420,000 people die. There are vast geographical differences in where these instances occur, with African, South-East Asian, and Eastern Mediterranean regions bearing the highest […]

帮助孕妇戒烟:分享来自英国的最佳实践

Posted Posted in Financial Incentives, Smoking cessation

由英国东安格利亚大学的菲利克斯·诺顿(Felix Naughton)撰稿 25–50%的女性吸烟者会在发现自己怀孕后戒烟。但是为什么剩下的人在怀孕期间仍在吸烟呢? 难道她们不知道怀孕期间吸烟有害吗?他们通常是知道的。我们在英国进行的一项研究发现,99%的孕妇(包括了想要戒烟和不想戒烟的)都在一定程度上同意“怀孕期间吸烟会对宝宝造成严重伤害”这一说法,约75%的孕妇非常或极度同意这一说法。但12周后,只有不到10%的人戒掉了。尽管持有强烈“伤害信念”的人在怀孕期间尝试戒烟的可能性更大,但似乎并没有增加成功的机会。

改善初级保健中简短饮酒建议的传达效果:来自咨询双方的观点

Posted Posted in Assessment, Brief behavioural intervention, Goal setting, Habit, Planning

由英国纽卡斯尔大学的艾米·奥唐奈(Amy O’Donnell)撰稿 最近在欧洲某些地区,尤其是在年轻人中,饮酒的水平下降了。但是,过量饮酒仍然是健康不良和早逝的主要危险因素。给被判定为重度饮酒者的患者提供简短的饮酒建议,尤其当该建议的传达者是初级保健医师(例如全科医生)或护士时,可以帮助减少人们的饮酒量。饮酒的简短建议包括了简短的、循证的、结构化的对话,对话的目的是激发和支持患者去考虑改变饮酒行为以减少它带来的伤害风险。我们仍未完全确定这些对话的关键因素,但提供有关患者饮酒量的个性化反馈,并鼓励他们自我监控饮酒,似乎是其中特别有效的部分。

Staying well while staying at home

Posted Posted in Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Coping, Habit, Mental Health, Planning, Routines, Self-monitoring, SMART Goals

By Dr Federica Picariello and Professor Rona Moss-Morris, King’s College London, the UK. Within weeks around the world, daily life dramatically changed, and uncertainty seized our future in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. Beyond the immediate and urgent need to slow down the spread of COVID-19 through rapid and widespread behavioural change (i.e., self-isolation, […]

How to maintain health behaviours long term?

Posted Posted in Habit, Motivation, Self-monitoring, Self-regulation

By Dominika Kwasnicka, SWPS University, Poland and University of Melbourne, Australia The ultimate goal of health promotion programmes is to promote long-lasting change and health care professionals can play a role and help patients to improve their health outcomes and maintaining behaviour change. We know that health behaviour change is difficult to initiate and it […]

行为科学对新型冠状病毒肺炎(COVID-19)大流行的洞察

Posted Posted in Communication

由爱尔兰经济社会研究所的肖恩·蒂蒙斯(Shane Timmons)撰稿 世界各国政府已动员起来设法控制新型冠状病毒的传播,但是个体的行为对控制的成功与否起到了至关重要的作用。我们——位于都柏林的爱尔兰社会经济研究所行为研究组——正致力于与爱尔兰卫生部合作,为他们提供应对新型冠状病毒肺炎大流行的信息。作为该工作的一部分,我们审阅了超过100篇科技论文, 并且已经开始测试向大众传播的最佳方式和提供与健康心理学从业者相关的课程。在我们的综述中,我们着眼于与三个方面相关的文献,这三个方面已成为多个国家公共卫生信息传递的基础:手部卫生,脸部触摸和隔离。我们也进一步拓展到了如何激励有益行为和在危机中有效沟通的相关文献。