Motivasyon ve fiziksel aktiviteye doğru ilk adımlar

Posted Posted in Goal setting, Motivation, Self-regulation

Keegan Knittle, Helsinki Üniversitesi, Finlandiya

Temel bakım alanında hemen hepimize tanıdık gelecek bir hikayeyle başlayalım, bir gün kliniğe fiziksel aktiviteye başlaması halinde bundan fayda sağlayacağı bariz bir kişi gelir. Fiziksel hareketlilik, bir diğer deyişle hareketsizlik, seviyesini konuşurken kişi değişmek için yeterince motivasyon ve bir gerekçesi olmadığını söyler. Bu durumda uzmanın yapması gerekenler nelerdir? Bu şekilde bize gelen bir kişiye kendi davranışlarının iyileşmesi için nasıl bir gerekçe sunabiliriz ki hiç değilse değişmeyi düşünsün? Hatta en iyisine odaklanalım, nasıl etkin bir şekilde düşünmesini sağlayabiliriz ki aktif bir hayatı olsun?

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İşyerinde pozitif psikoloji müdahaleleri

Posted Posted in Intervention design, Interventions

Alexandra Michel, Federal İş sağlığı ve Güvenliği Enstitüsü, Almanya ve Annekatrin Hoppe, Humboldt, Üniversitesi, Almanya

Çalışanlar günlerinin büyük bir kısmını işte geçirmektedirler. Çalışanların sağlığını ve esenliğini arttırmak ve onlara olumlu bir iş yaşam dengesi kazandırabilmek için işteki talepleri azaltmak ve çalışanların psikolojik kaynaklarını (örn. otonomi, sosyal destek ve öz yeterlik) güçlendirmek doğal olarak önem kazanıyor. Geçtiğimiz senelerde, hem iş stresinin olumsuz etkilerinin giderilmesini, hem de çalışanların esenliğini arttıran kaynakların geliştirilmesini inceleyen araştırmalar yapıldı. Özellikle, pozitif psikoloji müdahalelerinin iş yerlerinde kullanılmaya başlanması mesleki sağlık psikoloji dalında bir yeniliktir. Bu müdahaleler psikolojik kaynakları güçlendirme ve bu kaynakların azalmasını önlemeyi amaçlar ve olumlu duygular, davranışlar ve bilişleri teşvik eden aktiviteler içerirler.  Bu blog yazısında, çalışanların psikolojik kaynaklarını güçlendirmelerinde ve iş yerindeki esenliklerinin artmasında onlara yardımcı olabilecek üç yaklaşımı vurguluyoruz.

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Patient talk: What the doctor clearly says, and the patient clearly does not understand

Posted Posted in Uncategorized

By Anne Marie Plass, University Medical Center of Göttingen, Germany

Sometime ago a dermatologist who works as a psoriasis (a chronic skin disorder) -specialist in a university hospital, complained to me about many patients who do not adhere to the therapy, even though a mutual goal has been set, and a shared decision has been made.

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What happens with medications when they go home?

Posted Posted in Medication adherence

By Kerry Chamberlain, Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand

What do people do with medications once they enter the home? Surprisingly, limited research has attempted to answer that question. Yet, it is important – most medications are consumed at home under the control of the consumer. Prescription medicines are regulated, but once prescribed and collected, they are presumed to be taken as directed. People also can access and use a wide range of over-the-counter medications (e.g., for pain relief), alternative medications (e.g., homeopathic preparations), and other health-related preparations that are less obviously medications (e.g., dietary supplements, probiotic drinks). However, we should note that access to all forms of medication can vary considerably between countries.

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How to set goals that work?

Posted Posted in Goal setting, Planning

By Tracy Epton, University of Manchester, United Kingdom

Goal setting is a popular technique

There are many different techniques that can be used to change behaviour (93 according to a recent list!). Goal setting is a well-known technique that most people have used at some point. Goal setting is used by charities (e.g., Alcohol Concern, a UK charity, asked people to set a goal to quit drinking for the month of January), as part of commercial weight loss programmes and even in fitness apps. One recent review looked at a 384 tests of the effectiveness of goal setting across a range of different fields to see if goal setting really works, which types of goals work best and if goal setting works for everyone.

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Self-regulation from theory to practice: supporting your patients’ goals for change

Posted Posted in Self-regulation, Uncategorized

By Stan Maes & Véronique De Gucht, Leiden University, Netherlands

Over the last decades, the role of individuals within the healthcare system has evolved from ‘compliance with medical regimens’, implying obedience; to ‘self-management’, denoting responsibility for the control of one’s own health or disease. This has recently progressed further to the idea of ‘self-regulation’, a systematic process that involves setting personal health-related goals and steering behavior to achieve these goals. To illustrate the continuous self-regulation process, we have chosen the ancient image of an ‘ouroboros’ (i.e., a snake eating its own tail) to accompany this blog post.

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Move more, sit less at work: let’s not sit to talk about it

Posted Posted in Interventions, Social Support

By Stuart Biddle, University of Southern Queensland, Australia

I’m writing this blog on Valentine’s Day! The health promotion charity in Australia, Bluearth, has produced some amusing videos encouraging you to use your chair less by ‘breaking up with your chair’ (liking splitting from your partner, see videos here). So what is the issue here? Essentially, with changes in the way many of us work, we sit too much and this has been shown to be bad for our health. For example, many people will drive to work, sit at a desk most of the day, drive home, and sit in front of the TV or computer for much of the evening. The workplace, therefore, is ripe for health behaviour change. But with such a habitual behaviour like sitting, strong social norms, as well as environmental designs that encourage less movement alongside comfortable and rewarding sitting, how can we change anything?

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Willpower versus Unhealthy Temptations – Spoiler Alert – Willpower Usually Loses

Posted Posted in Automaticity, Habit

By Amanda Rebar, Central Queensland University, Australia

It will come as no surprise that evidence shows people do not always behave in ways that are best for their long-term health. For example, most people are aware that exercise is good for their physical and mental health, but comparatively far fewer people exercise regularly. When a person makes an intention to start exercising, there is only about a 50% chance that they will actually follow through with that. Those are the same odds as a coin flip! Did you ever give much thought to why it is that despite people’s best intentions, they indulge in unhealthy behaviour? There is a perspective growing in credence and popularity amongst health psychology science about how people’s behaviour is influenced by two systems. These dual process models provide a refreshing viewpoint for how to help people live healthy lifestyles without it requiring a constant battle of willpower versus unhealthy temptations.

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Planning theory- and evidence-based behavior change interventions: Intervention Mapping

Posted Posted in Behavioural theory, Intervention design

By Gerjo Kok, Maastricht University, the Netherlands; University of Texas at Houston, USA

A wide range of campaigns and interventions to improve public health and change health behaviors currently exists, but many of these are not “theory- and evidence-based”. This post will briefly describe the processes health psychologists undertake when developing interventions, and highlight how these differ from (and improve upon) similar processes commonly undertaken elsewhere.
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Social support and health behavior: How to move from well-intentioned to skilled support

Posted Posted in Interventions, Social Support

By Urte Scholz, University of Zurich and Gertraud (Turu) Stadler, University of Aberdeen

Social support seems to be an exclusively positive thing. What can be bad about a little help? Having someone who cooks healthy meals when you try to eat better, or being comforted when you feel down because your recent attempt at quitting smoking didn’t go so well? These scenarios already give us a feeling that good intentions to support someone may not be enough. A partner who cooks healthy meals for you or your sister showering you with diet tips may also make you feel like they know better than you what is good for you. Did you ask them to help you? Do they not fully trust you to eat healthily on your own? So, is support for changing one’s behavior always a good thing? This text aims to help practitioners advise their clients on how to seek out useful social support. Let’s start with defining what social support is and what it is not.

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